История выращивания сорта крыжовника Колобок
Государственное испытание крыжовника Колобок, полученного скрещиванием сортов Розовый и Смена, было начато ровно сорок лет назад. В 1988 году Колобок был внесён в Госреестр и рекомендован к выращиванию в Центральном, Центрально-Чернозёмном и Волго-Вятском регионах. В район допуска входит и Восточная Сибирь.
Сорт выведен во Всероссийском селекционно-технологическом институте садоводства и питомниководства. Авторство принадлежит доктору сельскохозяйственных наук, Ирине Васильевне Поповой. Не этим ли объясняется то, что Колобок — крыжовник без шипов?
После длительной и кропотливой работы удалось добиться передачи при скрещиваниях от исходных форм нужных качеств и совмещения их в одном растении. Получились десертные, бесшипные, крупноплодные и устойчивые к мучнистой росе сорта. Особенно трудно было объединить три последних признака. Селекционер И.В. Попова создала сорта разного срока созревания. Ягодами Родника можно лакомиться почти в самом начале крыжовникового сезона, у Снежаны, Битцевского, Колобка и ряда других они висят на кустах до осени.
У сорта Колобок есть и другие достоинства: скороплодность, зимостойкость, урожайность.
Дачники сразу полюбили крыжовник Колобок за неприхотливость, скороплодность и урожайность
How to Espalier a Peach Tree
What do I need? – Peach trees usually don’t need a second, different variety for pollination, so just one tree is all you need. Of course, if you want fresh peaches over a longer period, by all means grow more, but you might find you need a bigger house. . . But seriously, the first thing you need is a tree. Choose one that is hardy in your zone, and preferably one that is at the smaller end of the size range. Some varieties naturally grow 12 or 15 feet tall, rather than 20 feet or more. Don’t worry, you don’t need that much room on your wall.
Then you need a wall. South-facing is best, but south-west or west facing will often do the trick as well. Don’t worry about windows – you can train the tree around them – but you do need a reasonable amount of hard surface. Brick or concrete are best, as they hold the most heat, but wood or vinyl will do just fine.
You need enough space to grow your tree. For a peach a space about 10 feet wide and 8 feet tall should be enough. If you have more space, then of course just plant more trees!
Since you need to attach your tree to the wall, there are two or three options. The easiest is to just drive nails in wherever you need an attachment point. But that can be difficult in brick. One way is to attach trellis panels, and tie your plants to that. It looks beautiful, but the further out from the wall your tree is, the more of the warmth and shelter you lose. A simple way is to use a system of horizontal wires. Attach them at either end of the space you are going to use, and put in strainers to keep them tight. Space wires about 12 inches apart, as close to the wall as you can get them – an inch or two is great. Another option is to attach long canes or steel rods to the wall in the fan pattern you use, adding more as you need them.
How do I do it? – For peaches the usual pattern is a simple fan, so your goal is a number of branches radiating out from as close to the base as you can manage. Look at the base of the tree and find the ‘dog-leg’. That is where your particular variety was grafted onto a root-stock plant. Only the parts above that point are your peach, so never cut below it, and remove any branches that sprout from down there.
Choose a young tree. Buy the youngest tree you can. It will grow quickly and you may not be able to create a good fan from an older tree. You can still grow an older tree on a wall, but you won’t be able to create the fan shape so well.
Now plant your tree with the ‘dog-leg’ facing the wall, as close to it as you can manage. Do all the usual things – enrich the soil, add some bone meal or superphosphate, and water well while planting.
Now for the hard bit. Even if your tree is 6 feet tall, we are going to cut it back to between 12 and 20 inches above the ground. Don’t worry, it will grow back amazingly quickly. If you can see buds, great, cut above 2 that are on opposite sides of the stem. If you can see anything, don’t worry, they will soon appear. You need to make this cut in early spring, before the tree blooms or leaf’s out. Cut at a slight slope slanting away from the top bud.
Let the tree shoot out and wait until mid-summer to prune again. Now select the two strongest stems that are growing out to the sides, and try to find two that are of equal thickness. Remove all the rest flush to the trunk. Tie those two stems flat, at about 45 degrees from horizontal, and you are on your way. Next spring shorten back those two stems as you did with the original trunk, and train two more branches. Keep doing this until you have as many arms as you need for your fan and the space you have. Alternatively, as in our photo, allow a central stem to keep growing up, fanning out the side branches.
To keep all the stems growing evenly, raising a stem more vertical will make it grow more, lowering it more horizontal will make it grow less. Within a few short years you will have blooms, and you are on your way to the best peaches you have ever tasted – your own, home-grown peaches.
Q: Last winter I transplanted a well-established double delight rose. It looks healthy and is producing a lot of flowers, but they have no scent. How can I get my roses to smell good again?
A: The scent produced by roses can be affected by several factors. If the plant is unhealthy, its flowers will often lose their scent. This doesn’t appear to be your problem.
A rose’s perfume is made up of a combination of volatile organic compounds (alcohols and oils, mostly). If these compounds become dissipated or evaporate, the fragrance can become undetectable. Any change in air circulation, excess heat, or lower humidity can all result in loss of scent.
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Looking for more gardening tips? Here’s how to contact the Master Gardener program in your area.
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As sustainable living in Singapore finally becomes more widespread, we’re living all the new ways to wine and dine sustainably , shop ethically … and yes we’ve been dabbling in the urban gardening movement. What’s not to love about fresh produce that’s grown locally?
Edible Garden City
They’ve played a big part in raising awareness on sustainable urban gardening and farming in Singapore and their work have seen ornamental gardens transform into beautiful and productive ones full of food, ordinary lawns and into flourishing food forests, and barren rooftops into lush herb and vegetable farms. They also work with many cafes, restaurants and companies to bring locally grown produce onto your plate, including the lush Open Farm Community.
Edible Garden City , various locations
Homemade pesto from Comcrop (Photography via Comcrop)
Sitting atop the *SCAPE building in Orchard Road is the sustainable and efficient aquaponics farm, Comcrop where you’ll find rows and rows of basil, leafy greens, mint, and more which go to supplying hotels and restaurant chains – a change from the ‘youth-centric’ activities going on in the building! They also bottle their own pesto, which we have to say is pretty delicious.
Comcrop , *SCAPE, 04-01, 2 Orchard Link, Singapore 237978
Citizen Farm (an Edible Garden City initiative) is a neighbourhood collective and a community of farmers with different systems of growing, all working for the good of the community and beyond. Celebrating sustainable living in all aspects, it provides local, fresh, tasty and nutritious produce for businesses and individuals, provides employment and income to people who have diverse abilities as well as the socially disadvantaged.
Citizen Farm , 60 Jln Penjara, Singapore 149375
The Good Garden at Goodman Arts Centre. Photography: Selina Altomonte
The Good Garden
They say start ‘em young! The Good Garden is a children’s urban food garden initiative by Cultivate Central for The Artground (the super cool art space for kids at Goodman Arts Centre). There’s a worm farm and composting system, upcycled flower pots, a terrace garden, vertical ecosystems, an urban gardening shop, a food garden and more. Beyond urban gardening, The Good Garden will engage kids in different approaches, from science to art and design to discover inspiration from nature – and learn its patterns and resilience.
The Good Garden , Goodman Arts Centre, 90 Goodman Road, Block J #01-40, Singapore 439053
Quan Fa Organic Farm
Avoiding pesticides, chemicals and harmful fertilisers altogether, Quan Fa farms all sorts of fruits and vegetables including pumpkins and bananas, Quan Fa uses a compost system originating from a unique Japanese technique. Order online, or find its produce at loads of supermarkets, from Marketplace to Sheng Siong and Ang Mo Kio Food Centre. Want to see some urban gardening and farming in action? You can drop by anytime to the Lim Chu Kang farm for a visit and guided tour.
Quan Fa Organic Farm , 35 Murai Farmway, Singapore 709145
The gentle warrior, Ivy Singh-Lim (Photography by Darissa Lee)
Not only does Bollywood Veggies supply local produce grown using organic farming methods, but they also offer you the chance to explore a real-life working farm run by a couple of colourful Singapore identities, including the outspoken Ivy Singh-Lim . There’s also potting classes, yoga in nature, and the café Poison Ivy to check out. Who says there aren’t any real countrysides in Singapore?
Bollywood Veggies , 100 Neo Tiew Road, Singapore 719026
Part of a Christian ministry, Onesimus Gardens is also an urban farm which produces vegetables like kailan, lettuce and mint. It’s also a place where young people with special needs are given opportunities to work on the farm. The produce is sold to shops and restaurants – and you can subscribe to their vegetable boxes too for $350 a month for 12kg of the good stuff.
Onesimus Garden , 40 Neo Tiew Rd, Singapore 719027
Sustainable dining and restaurants in SG
Home DIY urban gardens
Our editor Selina with her Aerospring balcony garden. Photography: Darissa Lee for Honeycombers.
What’s that smug look on our editor Selina’s face? She’s been growing a mountain of kale, mint and enormous cucumbers from her balcony with her Aerospring, and she’s been a notorious plant killer for most of her life. Let’s take a moment to bow down to this local invention by Thorben and Nadine Linneberg: the Aerospring is a vertical balcony garden that can produce your own crop of lush leafy greens, herbs and vegetables using an aeroponic system. You’ll need a sunny spot for it to thrive, but a genius indoor system has just been announced. Follow Aerospring on Facebook to catch Thorben and Nadine at an upcoming market, or visit their store to check it out. You know you want smug salads made from your home-grown kale and cherry tomatoes too.
Aerospring Gardens , sets start from $680
Click and Grow
Don’t worry if you don’t have a green thumb, these wonderful inventions do most of the work for you, even providing “sunlight” if you live in an apartment with no balcony. Choose from a portable smart garden that lets you grow up to nine plants at the same time or if you have the luxury of more space, the wall farm would be perfect. Urban gardening made easy, anyone can get on this.
Click and Grow , sets start from $129
Photography via NONG by Edible Garden City
NONG by Edible Garden City
Where do you start? How do you start? If you’re absolutely clueless about urban gardening or DIY farming, NONG by Edible Garden City will provide you with all the knowledge, tools, seeds and also services you need to get a kickstart on the movement. They regularly have workshops on composting, edible garden basics and more.
NONG by Edible Garden City , 33 Hyderabad Rd, Beside the Lawn, Singapore 119578
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