# Active feedback amplifier analysis

In the domain of electronics, a feedback amplifier is a component that acts in response to minimal voltage, power, and current signals and gives the output as a larger signal which comprises the crucial waveform characteristics of the input wave. These amplifiers exist in multiple forms which are extensively implemented in many electronic devices like televisions, computers, radio, and audio equipment. The functionality of amplification can be offered by devices such as generators and transformers whereas many electronic systems now use small circuits named amplifiers. Amplifiers are fabricated with many transistors and other devices on a single IC. Feedback amplifier definition is stated in the way that this is an amplifier that has a feedback connection in between the output and input.

===We are searching data for your request:

**Schemes, reference books, datasheets:**

**Price lists, prices:**

**Discussions, articles, manuals:**

###### Wait the end of the search in all databases.

Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Content:

- Negative-feedback amplifier
- Feedback: negative and positive (part 1)
- What is a Feedback Amplifier : Working, Types & Its Characteristics
- Active Network Analysis: Feedback Amplifier Theory
- An active feedback for wideband amplifier linearization
- Generalized Feedback Circuit Analysis
- We apologize for the inconvenience...
- Active Network Analysis: Feedback Amplifier Theory (Second Edition) (Paperback)

**WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Feedback Amplifiers Method of Analysis**

## Negative-feedback amplifier

If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. Donate Login Sign up Search for courses, skills, and videos.

Science Electrical engineering Amplifiers Operational amplifier. What is an operational amplifier? Virtual ground - examples. Current timeTotal duration Google Classroom Facebook Twitter. Video transcript - [Voiceover] So now I wanna talk a little bit about the concept of Feedback.

This is a, this is a really important concept. It was developed in the s, the idea of using Feedback, and it was done at, at Bell Labs, Bell Telephone Laboratories. Remember we talked about this on the op amp, this being the, the non-inverting input, so if this voltage went up, this voltage went up, and the negative sign is the inverting input, so these, these voltage here and here, move in opposite directions.

And the key to understanding what Feedback is, is to pay attention to this inversion path, and these non-inverting paths. We're gonna start over here with just isolating the voltage divider part of our circuit, so that's copied over here. And when you think about, let's look at what happens if V out goes up. And what happens to V minus in this case? Well V minus goes in what direction in a voltage divider?

It goes up. So this is a, this is a non-inverting structure. If V out goes up, then the thing we care about V minus, goes up as well. And likewise if V out goes down, then V minus goes down. So that's isolating just on this part of it, we have no inversion happening around here. So we go around here now, and let's look at what happens on this path here, if we go up in V in, then we know V out goes up. If we then change colors to, let's try this.

If V minus goes up, then V out goes down. That's the inverting path. So there's, so there's one inversion in this circuit, and it happens right here where V minus goes to V out, so that's where the inversion is. So now let me set up just an example circuit. We'll set R1 equal to R2. And from the last video, we developed a gain expression, and we said that V out equals R1 plus R2, over R2, times V in, and with these, with these resistor values, V out equals two times V in.

Alright, so this is equal to, two times V in. And what does that make this point here? V minus, this is V minus, and from our voltage divider, we know a voltage divider says that V minus equals V out times R2, which is just R, over R plus R, or V minus equals one-half, V out.

So, we have let's put a, let's put a voltage on here. Let's put a real voltage on here. Let's say this is at one volt, alright? And going through our amplifier, we know that V out equals two volts, and that means that V minus equals one-half of V out, so V minus is one volt. So this is one volt here. So let's say for the moment, that something happens to the circuit, like we heated up or something like that, and let's say the gain goes up a little bit. Now what that means is, that this amplifier, which is amplifying this voltage difference right here, is gonna be a little higher, so the voltage here is gonna go up a little bit.

Let's use this color. It goes up a little bit, and that means that this output voltage is gonna go up a little bit. And we already decided from looking at this voltage divider, that if this point goes up, that this point will go up.

It goes up half as much, but it, it goes in the up direction. When this voltage goes up, that means this voltage goes up, and now we find ourselves, we're at the inverting input. We're at the inverting input to the amplifier, and that means what? When a change at the inverting input goes up, that means the output goes down. And that's in the opposite direction of the original change. So this is the mechanism of Feedback. A went up a little bit. We thought that V out would go up a bit, which meant this point goes up, which meant it gets fed back to the input, to the inverting input, and then it goes back down, and this balancing act that's going on right here, that is the mechanism, that is what we call Feedback.

You get this Feedback effect, when this connection is made right here, back to the inverting input, to the op amp. And in particular, because it's the inverting input, this is called Negative Feedback. So this is the mechanism of Feedback, in particular, Negative Feedback and, what it does for us is, it provides us a way to exploit and to use, this enormous gain that these amplifiers have, to create really stable, really nicely controlled circuits, that are controlled by the values of the components we attached to the, to the amplifier.

So that's the idea of Feedback, a really powerful idea, and really at the heart of analog electronics. Non-inverting op-amp. Inverting op-amp. Up Next.

## Feedback: negative and positive (part 1)

A Negative-feedback amplifier or feedback amplifier is an electronic amplifier that subtracts a fraction of its output from its input, so that negative feedback opposes the original signal. Because of these advantages, many amplifiers and control systems use negative feedback. An idealized negative-feedback amplifier as shown in the diagram is a system of three elements see Figure 1 :. Fundamentally, all electronic devices that provide power gain e. Negative feedback trades gain for higher linearity reducing distortion and can provide other benefits. If not designed correctly, amplifiers with negative feedback can under some circumstances become unstable due to the feedback becoming positive, resulting in unwanted behavior such as oscillation. The Nyquist stability criterion developed by Harry Nyquist of Bell Laboratories is used to study the stability of feedback amplifiers.

## What is a Feedback Amplifier : Working, Types & Its Characteristics

Negative feedback amplifiers have an important role in reducing amplitude distortion, frequency distortion, and phase distortion. With feedback, the overall gain of the amplifier becomes. The distortion in the feedback amplifier gets reduced by a factor of. Non-linear distortions are common in electronic systems, especially in amplifiers. Non-linear distortions occur when an amplifier fails to reproduce the output waveform as the exact amplified replica of the input waveform. In such cases, the non-linearity of the amplifier results in distortions in the amplitude, frequency, and phase of the output waveform. However, there is a fair amount of reduction observed in non-linear distortions in feedback amplifiers. The reduction of non-linear distortions can be considered the greatest advantage of feedback amplifiers. The non-linearity in transfer characteristics of an active device is the main reason for the occurrence of non-linear distortion in amplifiers.

## Active Network Analysis: Feedback Amplifier Theory

Definition : Feedback Amplifier is a device that is based on the principle of feedback. The process by which some part or fraction of output is combined with the input is known as feedback. In simple words, we can say feedback amplifiers are the type of amplifiers in which a part of the output is given back to the input. As we know that an amplifier is a device that amplifies the signal.

## An active feedback for wideband amplifier linearization

As a day-to-day example of biological systems, if one is driving a car, the eyes sense the position and speed of the car. The input signals sent by the eyes to the human brain modify the biological inputs to the steering wheel by the human system by applying a brake or accelerates or decelerates the car engine. Using the data from the feedback, the process of driving the car is controlled. Similarly in an Amplifier circuit, sampling a part of the output voltage or current feeding back to the input port through a network can control the process of amplification. An error generated between the input signal and feedback output signal to the input port of the Amplifier produces desired response. Basically, there are two types of signal feedbacks in electronic systems:.

## Generalized Feedback Circuit Analysis

A current and comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of the theory of active networks and its applications of feedback amplifier design. This 2nd edition provides an in-depth, up-to-date, unified, and comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals of the theory of active networks and its applications to feedback amplifier design. The main purpose is to discuss the topics that are of fundamental importance that transcends the advent of new devices and design tools. A special feature of the book is that it bridges the gap between theory and practice, with abundant examples showing how theory solves problems. These examples are actual practical problems, not idealized illustrations of the theory. The topic on topological analysis of active networks is also expanded to benefit more discerning readers. Engrg Education Convert currency.

## We apologize for the inconvenience...

If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. Donate Login Sign up Search for courses, skills, and videos.

## Active Network Analysis: Feedback Amplifier Theory (Second Edition) (Paperback)

**RELATED VIDEO: Analysis of Feedback Amplifiers**

Journal of Biological Engineering volume 4 , Article number: 4 Cite this article. Metrics details. Positive feedback is a common mechanism used in the regulation of many gene circuits as it can amplify the response to inducers and also generate binary outputs and hysteresis. In the context of electrical circuit design, positive feedback is often considered in the design of amplifiers.

Right-click the link below and decompress the downloaded Archive. Design-oriented analysis focuses on analyzing circuits efficiently to promote understanding of how the circuits work. In design-oriented analysis, a complex system is analyzed through a series of idealized and simplified analyses, whose results are combined to represent the system in terms of the interactions of its parts. This approach works well for analyzing feedback circuits. The circuit is analyzed with the gain of some amplifier, modelled as a controlled voltage or current source, treated as a variable. System performance is evaluated with the value of the controlled-source gain first set to zero, then to infinity, and finally to arbitrary values. Ultimately the performance of the overall system input to output gains, input and output impedances, etc.

Electrical Engineering Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for electronics and electrical engineering professionals, students, and enthusiasts. It only takes a minute to sign up. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search.

Bravo, great message

I can consult you on this question. Together we can find the decision.

Yes, I looked at everything. On the one hand, everything is beautiful, on the other hand, everything is bad in connection with the latest events.